Schizoid Personality Disorder Diagnosis

(Also Known As: Schizoid Diagnosis, Personality Disorder Diagnosis, Schizophrenic Diagnosis, Schizoid Personality Diagnosis, Pleasure Deficiency Diagnosis)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

How Is Schizoid Personality Disorder Diagnosed?

There are no laboratory tests being used in the diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder. Usually, the diagnosis comes after a thorough interview by the doctor. The physician will inquire about symptoms and mental well-being of the patient. Aside from that, the medical, psychiatric, and social history of the individual with schizoid personality will be taken. Physical examinations can help in eliminating other conditions and mental health professionals will most likely be consulted for further examination. 7

The symptoms should not coincide with an episode of schizophrenia, mood disorder with psychotic features, psychotic disorders, or a pervasive developmental disorder such as Asperger’s syndrome or autism. Diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder is unlikely if the symptoms resulted from direct physiological complications of a general medical condition.

According to the DSM-IV-TR, there are seven criteria that an individual should meet in order to be diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder:

  • The individual with schizoid personality is disinterested and shows no interest in establishing interpersonal relationships, including members of their family. They are regarded as social misfits and believe that they can perform well when not relying on other people but themselves.
  • They prefer to be alone and do activities they can do by themselves without depending on other people. For example, they may opt to play computer or mathematical games.
  • They have little or show no interest in having sexual experiences with another person. If the individual with schizoid personality is married, they may not be interested in having sex with their spouse.
  • The person with schizoid personality disorder is disinterested in most of the activities they do. A schizoid individual is unlikely to experience the full range of emotions available to normal people.
  • The individual with schizoid personality lacks the social skills needed to develop meaningful interpersonal relationships. As a result, they may have limited social contacts outside the immediate family members.
  • Individuals suffering from schizoid personality disorder are indifferent to praise or criticism of other people. They are not affected with what other people think and say of them.
  • An individual with schizoid personality is aloof and viewed as “cold” by other people. They are not interested in empathizing and showing concern for other people. Schizoid individuals are seen as dull and lacking a sense of humor. They are poor in picking up normal cues such as facial expressions, smiles, or head nods.

Could You Have Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Schizoid Personality Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Bipolar Disorder – Manic Depression, Mood Disorder, Mania, Depression, Hypomania
Borderline Personality Disorder – Changes in Mood, Unstable Social Relationships, Distorted Self Image, Dissociation
Schizophrenia – Abnormal Perception and Expression of Reality, Hallucination, Delusion, Paranoid, Disorganized Speech
Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Mood Changes, Paranoid, Social Anxiety, Delusion