Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Causes

(Also Known As: Pmdd Causes, PMS Causes, Premenstrual Syndrome Causes, Dysphoria Causes, Mood Disorder Causes)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What Causes Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder?

The causes of PMDD are not well understood but it is believed that the condition results from a hereditary condition wherein deficiencies in the hormones of a woman can bring about changes in the neurotransmitters associated with regulation of the mood, particularly serotonin. 4

Ovulation, as well as the production of progesterone, is likely involved in the development of PMDD, but it is not definite what the role of progesterone is in the onset of the condition. Aside from that, dietary and vitamin deficiencies likewise play a role in the development of the condition but this is difficult to prove.

Some researchers have also considered prolactin excess as another possible cause due to many women complaining about tenderness in their breasts, although there is no link that can prove that. Since some symptoms of PMDD are linked to prostaglandin activity, studies of these hormones have also been tapped as a potential cause.

The factors that can bring about PMDD are not known. Some potential causes of the condition include: 5

  • Hormonal changes due to high hormones in the latter portion of normal menstrual flow
  • Traumatic life situations
  • Stress
  • Family background of PMMD
  • Major Depression
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Could You Have Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder?

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder Topics

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