Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments

(Also Known As: Ptsd Treatments, Stress Disorder Treatments, Traumatic Stress Treatments, Chronic Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments, Shell Shock Treatments, Stress Syndrome Treatments, Railway Spine Treatments, Traumatic War Neurosis Treatments, Battle Fatigue Treatments, Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome Treatments)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What Kinds of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Treatments are Available?

The treatment for PTSD involves a multidimensional approach with treatment options involving social support, patient education, and anxiety management. The initial interventions with PTSD treatment are social support and patient education in order to mitigate the impact of the traumatic event. But the mainstay of treatments for PTSD includes psychopharmacologic and psychotherapeutic approaches. 9

Psychopharmacologic Treatment

  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI’s)

Paroxetine and Sertraline as the only medications approved by the Bureau of Food and Drugs for the treatment of PTSD.

  • Antidepressants

They help relieve the symptoms of anxiety and depression and help improve the sleep problems as well as improving one’s concentration.

The side-effects make this group of drugs a second or third choice of agents for treatment.

  • Anti-anxiety medications

Provides relief from stress and anxiety attacks

  • Anti-psychotic medications

This group of drug is reserved for more severe and intrusive cases of PTSD

Risperidone helps reduce the flashbacks of the negative experiences

Clozapine is effective in patients with psychosis

The prescribed medication for treatment will always depend on the manifested symptoms of the patient. It often takes a few tries in order for the doctor to find the best drugs that works for the patient with the least side effects possible. Improvement with drug treatment is often experienced within weeks.

Psychotherapeutic Treatment

This treatment approach may consist of:

  • Cognitive behavior therapy

CBT aims to change the emotion, behavior, and thoughts of the patient. Exposure therapy is one of its components that use repeated and detailed imaging of the trauma in a safe and controlled context. Flooding is another method used which teaches one to confront the trauma memories. Desensitization is another form of therapy which through using relaxation technique and working through the trauma one event at a time. 10 One is taught to cope with anxiety, negative thoughts, anger management, and stress reaction preparation, handling future trauma symptoms, and addressing the use of drugs and alcohol, and to learn how to communicate effectively with people.

  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

This is a new treatment for traumatic memories involving the elements of cognitive behavioral therapy and exposure therapy that are paired with hand taps, eye movement, and sound techniques that cause an alteration of attention. This process is believed to be helpful in the processing and accessing of the traumatic material.

Could You Have Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Anxiety Disorder NOS – Unpleasant Emotion, Fear, Anxiety, Phobia, Fatigue, Exhaustion
Generalized Anxiety Disorder – Irrational Worry, Uncontrolled Depression, Anxiety Response Not in Proportion to the Actual Cause
Panic Disorder – Panic Attack, Anxiety, On-Going Irrational Worry
Social Anxiety Disorder – Social Anxiety, Anxiety Disorder, Chronic Fear to be Judge by Others, Fear of Social Interaction