Personality Disorder NOS Suggestions
(Also Known As: Personality Disorder Suggestions, Personality Disorders Suggestions, Borderline Personality Disorder Suggestions, Mixed Personality Disorder Suggestions)
(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)
Suggestions on Personality Disorders
Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) – is an intervention for patients who meet criteria for BPD and particularly those who are highly suicidal. Its principles are acquired from behavioral sciences, which includes cognitive-behavioral techniques. It is also influenced by dialectical philosophy, and Zen practice. The treatment is rendered dialectic because it puts emphasis on balancing acceptance and change with an inclusive objective of helping patients survive and build a life worth living.
Schema therapy - which is also called schema-focused therapy, is an integrative approach based on cognitive-behavioral or skills-based techniques along with object relations and gestalt approaches. This procedure aim for the deeper aspects of emotion, personality, and schemas. Moreover, it also focuses on the relationship with the therapist daily life outside of therapy, and traumatic childhood experiences.
Marital or family therapy - can be helpful in stabilizing the marital relationship and in reducing marital conflict and stress that can worsen BPD symptoms. Family therapy or family psychoeducation can help educate family members regarding BPD, improve family communication and problem solving, and provide support to family members in dealing with their loved one's illness.
Cognitive analytic therapy - combines cognitive and psychoanalytic approaches and has been adapted for use with individuals with BPD with mixed results.
Transference-focused psychotherapy - is a form of psychoanalytic therapy which works on the relationship between the patient and the therapist. The therapist explores and clarifies aspects of this relationship so the underlying object relations dyads will become clear. According to some limited research, TFP has been suggested to reduce some symptoms of BPD by affecting certain underlying processes. In comparison to dialectical behavioral therapy and supportive therapy, TFP has an increased reflective functioning: the ability to realistically think about how others think and a more secure attachment style. In addition, the treatment has been shown to be as effective as DBT in terms of improving suicidal behavior; however, it has been more effective than DBT in alleviating anger and reducing verbal or direct assaultive behavior. Limited research suggests that TFP appears to be less effective than schema-focused therapy, while being more effective than no treatment.
Mentalization based treatment – has its basis on the hypothesis that individuals with BPD have attachment disturbances due to problems in their early childhood. The therapy is intended for the development of self-regulation capacity through a psychodynamically informed multi-modal treatment program. This incorporates group and individual psychotherapy in a therapeutic community, partial hospitalization or out-patient context. 18
Could You Have Personality Disorder NOS?
Personality Disorder NOS Topics
|Antisocial Personality Disorder – pervasive behavior, disregard of rights of others, lack of empathy|
|Avoidant Personality Disorder – pervasive social inhibition, feeling of inadequacy, fear of being criticized or rejected|
|Borderline Personality Disorder – variable mood, unstable relationship, psychosis|
|Dependent Personality Disorder - dependence towards others, get others to assume responsibility for major areas of their lives, lacks self-confidence, may experience intense discomfort when left alone for more than a brief period|
|Histrionic Personality Disorder - exhibits excitability and are highly emotional, manifests a colorful, dramatic, extroverted behavior with the inability to maintain long-lasting attachments.|
|Narcissistic Personality Disorder - characterized by a heightened sense of self-importance and grandiose feelings of uniqueness|
|Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – obsession to perfection, compulsive personality, obsession, perfectionist, routine and repetitive activities|
|Paranoid Personality Disorder – long standing suspiciousness, mistrust of others, paranoia, maladaptive behavior|
|Schizoid Personality Disorder – lack of interest with social relationship, prefer to be in solitary, emotional coldness, indifference|
|Schizotypal Personality Disorder - odd personality, perceives magical thinking, peculiar notions, ideas of reference, illusions and derealization.|