Oppositional Defiant Disorder Symptoms

(Also Known As: ODD Symptoms, Adhd Symptoms, Defiant Symptoms, Oppositional Symptoms, Bi-Polar Symptoms, Explosive Disorder Symptoms)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What are the Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

There are a number of various symptoms manifested by children with oppositional defiance disorder which may be often attributed as normal child behavior. Children always have the tendencies to argue, disobey, or defy authorities when they are hungry, tired, exhausted and upset, which is a typical behavior seen in children between 2 and 3 years old. However, one should begin to suspect that the child has oppositional defiant disorder upon seeing the following signs and symptoms which tend to interfere with their learning, social interaction, adjustments, and relationships with others:

  • Negativity
  • Defiance
  • Disobedience
  • Hostility towards authority figures
  • Argumentative with adults
  • Frequent temper tantrums
  • Deliberate annoyance to others
  • Refusal to requests and rules
  • Blaming others for mistakes and misbehaviors
  • Anger and resentment
  • Acting easily annoyed and touchy
  • Vindictive and spiteful behavior
  • Academic difficulties
  • Aggressiveness towards peers
  • Difficulty in maintaining friendships
  • Mean and hateful talking when upset
  • Moody
  • Easily frustrated
  • Low self esteem
  • Speaking harshly using unkind words

Oppositional defiant disorder has symptoms that are also related to other behavioral and mental health conditions that include ADHD, depression, and anxiety. Thus, most often it is difficult to distinguish the symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder with these related conditions. 5

The presenting problems with oppositional defiant disorder also changes with the child’s age. Younger children have more tendencies towards a defiant and oppositional behavior, whereas older children are more likely to engage in covert behavior such as stealing. At school age, the patterns of the children’s oppositional behavior turn to aggression towards peers, teachers, and other adults. Because of behavioral aggression and poor social skills the child experiences rejection from peers that the child often misinterprets as others being hostile to them and they lack the skills to solve this social conflict, blaming others with the inability to take responsibility of their behavior.

Could You Have Oppositional Defiant Disorder?

Oppositional Defiant Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Antisocial Personality Disorder – disregard of rights of others, deceitful, manipulative, antisocial
Anxiety Disorder NOS – uneasiness, extreme worry, irrational fear, emotional imbalance, moody
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – neurobehavioral disorder, impulsiveness, hyperactive, attention deficit, inattention, developmental disorder, inadequate coping mechanism
Bipolar Disorder – hypermania, hypomania, mood disorder, psychosis, depression, anxiety, suicidal tendency, mixed episodes of mania and depression