Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

(Also Known As: Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, Ocpd, Anankastic Personality Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, OCD, Compulsion, Obsession)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

What is Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder?

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder is a condition characterized by perfectionism, control, rigidity, and an overconcern with work at the expense of establishing close interpersonal relationships. An individual suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder often cannot relax because of his or her preoccupation with details, productivity, and rules. Individuals suffering from OCPD are often seen as stingy, stubborn, self-righteous, and uncooperative.1

According to the DSM-IV-TR, Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder is in the same category with avoidant and personality disorders in Cluster C. Common traits of people suffering from these disorders are anxiety and fearfulness. The ICD-10, which is the European version of DSM-IV-TR, categorizes OCPD as Anankastic Personality Disorder.

Individuals suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder conduct most of their daily tasks based on some rules and procedures. While their aim is to accomplish their tasks carefully and orderly, their perfectionist tendencies often overshadow their ability to accomplish their tasks. Likewise, people with OCPD have the tendency to be bossy and highly controlling with other people. Because they believe too much in following rules, they do not have any room for legal exceptions. They show courtesy to superiors they respect but are resistant to those they do not.

An individual suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder may exhibit a tendency to bring office work on vacations so as not to waste time and be relieved upon their return to work.

In addition, people with Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder believe that their style of functioning is the “proper” way. This is the main reason for their resistance to change their beliefs. For them, what they believe in is universally accepted. Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder is often confused with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. However, these are two distinct conditions. With the former, the factor that brings about anxiety is their dysfunctional philosophy while with the latter; the individual performs rituals in order to relieve anxiety.2

Could You Have Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder?

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder Topics

Related Conditions

Antisocial Personality Disorder – Disregard of the Rights of Others, Lack of Empathy, Manipulation, Deception
Avoidant Personality Disorder – Pervasive Social Inhibition, Extreme Sensitivity Towards Negative Criticisms, Fear of Rejection
Borderline Personality Disorder – Variability of Moods, Anxiety, Split Personality, Unstable Interpersonal Relationships, Distorted Self Image
Dependent Personality Disorder – Pervasive Psychological Dependence on Others, Dependent, Anxiety, Depression, Excessive Need for Others in Order to Become Functional
Narcissistic Personality Disorder – Grandiosity, Self Admiration, Lack of Empathy, Obsession in Oneself, Self-Centeredness
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – Intrusive Thoughts, Excessive Dread That Something Negative Will Happen, Irrational Behavior, Repetitive Acts
Paranoid Personality Disorder – Long Standing Suspiciousness, Paranoia, Maladaptive Behavior, Irrational Thinking
Schizotypal Personality Disorder – Need for Social Isolation, Fear of Humiliation, Odd Behavior, Unconventional Beliefs