Mental Retardation Treatment

(Also Known As: Retardation Treatment, Down Syndrome Treatment, Learning Disability Treatment, Mentally Retarded Treatment, Borderline Mental Retardation Treatment, Autism Mental Retardation Treatment)

(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)

How Is Mental Retardation Treated?

The best form of treatment for a child with MR/ID is administered by a multidisciplinary team made up of primary care doctors, neurologists or developmental pediatricians, speech, occupational, and physical therapists, educators, nutritionists, among others. The family should likewise be involved in the design and implementation of a comprehensive individual program for the child which starts as soon as MR/ID is diagnosed. The parents and siblings of the disabled child should likewise be provided with emotional support and counseling.

In the administration of the treatment program, the full array of the child’s strengths and weaknesses must be considered in the determination of the kind of support required. The multidisciplinary team must consider various factors such as physical disabilities, mental illness, personality problems, and interpersonal skills. If the child has comorbid mental health disorders like depression, proper drugs with the same dosage administered to children without mental retardation should be given. However, this should be accompanied with behavioral therapy and environmental changes.

Aside from that, special education is likewise beneficial to a child with mental retardation. According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), public schools are required to provide free and proper education to children or adolescents suffering from mental retardation or other developmental disorders. It should be given in the least limited, most inclusive setting possible so that the child can have the chance to communicate with their non-disabled peers and have similar access to community resources.

It is suggested that the treatment should be done at home. However, some families do not have the capacity to provide care at home, particularly to children suffering from severe, complex liabilities. Doing treatment outside the home is a difficult decision and must be subjected to comprehensive discussion between the family of the child and the entire support team. Treatment of a child at home needs dedicated care, which some parents may not be able to give. Aside from that, the family of the child should also be given psychological support.

Could You Have Mental Retardation?

Mental Retardation Topics

Related Conditions

Asperger's Syndrome – restricted social interaction, repetitive behavior, non-verbal communication deficit, lacking empathy, clumsiness
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – neurobehavioral developmental disorder, inattention, impulsiveness, hyperactivity, chronic childhood disorder
Autism – impaired social interaction, communication deficit, brain developmental disorder
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder – developmental delay in language, motor skills and social function, autism, delayed motor skills
Learning Disorders – delayed development of functional skills, difficulty in organization of thoughts, academic skill deficits
Rett's Disorder – cognitive impairment, reduced socialization skills, lack of social interest
Selective Mutism – reluctant to speak even with speech ability, anxiety, autism, Asperger’s Syndrome