(Also Known As: Hipersomnia Diagnosis, Insomnia Diagnosis, Primary Hypersomnia Diagnosis, Recurrent Hypersomnia Diagnosis, Idiopathic Hypersomnia Diagnosis, Prolonged Nighttime Sleep Diagnosis, Kleine-Levin Syndrome Diagnosis, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Diagnosis, EDS Diagnosis, Apnea Diagnosis, Sleep Problem Diagnosis, Restless Leg Syndrome Diagnosis)
(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)
How is Hypersomnia Diagnosed?
As have been discussed previously, hypersomnia is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and daytime naps that do not alleviate the symptoms. The condition excludes having lack of nighttime sleep which patients with insomnia experience in which excessive daytime sleepiness may be a consequence. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which presents the guidelines used for diagnosis of disorders, the American Psychiatric Association states that symptoms must be present for at least a month, and must interfere with a person's normal activities. Furthermore, the indications of the syndrome cannot be ascribed to the inability to get ample sleep at night or to another sleep disorder. Also, the symptoms cannot be due to another major psychological disorder, nor can they be a side effect of a medicinal or illegal drug or a corollary of a general medical condition. Assessment of people with symptoms of excessive sleepiness should include their mood, sleep-wake schedule, use of drugs and any abnormalities that occur during sleep, which includes grinding of teeth, kicking, snoring and breathing pauses suggestive of obstructive sleep apnea. A sleep partner can best describe the sleep abnormalities of the patient. Depending on other symptoms present and results of the physical examination, physicians may evaluate other vital organs like the heart, lungs, and liver to verify whether a disorder is causing hypersomnia. Additionally, neurologic examinations may also be recommended since it may detect other indications suggestive of a certain neurologic disorder. If such a disorder is suspected, computed tomography scan (CT-scan) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is done, and the patient is immediately brought to a neurologist’s attention. Several cases of people with hypersomnia and EDS require polysomnography with or without multiple sleep latency testing to establish the proper diagnosis. 7
Could You Have Hypersomnia?
|Dyssomnia – Difficulty Staying Asleep, Difficulty in Falling Asleep, Insomnia, Intermittent Wakefulness|
|Narcolepsy – Chronic Sleep Disorder, Sudden Attack of Sleep, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, Falling Asleep at Inappropriate Times|
|Nightmare Disorder – Dream Anxiety Disorder, Nightmare, Sleep Disorder, Moaning, Frightening Dreams|
|Parasomnia NOS – Abnormal Movements, Emotions and Behaviors and Dreams While Sleeping, Somnambulism, Night Terror, Bruxism, Restless Leg Syndrome, Periodic Limb Movement Disorder|
|Primary Sleep Disorder – Hypersomnia, Insomnia, Narcolepsy, Breathing Related Sleep Disorder, Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder|
|Sleep Terror Disorder – Extreme Terror, Temporary Lack of Consciousness After Waking Up, Gasping, Moaning, Screaming|
|Sleepwalking Disorder – Somnambulism, Performing Actions as if Awake While Sleeping|