(Also Known As: Dyslexic Symptoms, Learning Disorder Symptoms, Developmental Reading Disorder Symptoms)
(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)
What are the Symptoms of Dyslexia?
The impact of dyslexia on an individual may vary depending on how severe their condition is, as well as on the method of remediation. Commonly, the individual is having difficulty in reading, writing, and spelling. While some dyslexics will not encounter difficulty with reading and spelling, they may have a hard time when it boils down to using complex language skills.
Dyslexics can likewise have some trouble when speaking the language. They are unable to express themselves clearly or completely understand what other people mean when they speak. Some of the symptoms may not be easily recognized but can result in major problems in school, the office, and in human relations.
The following are the most common signals that a child may be suffering from dyslexia:
Interchanging letters when reading. For example, saying was rather than saw, and replacing b with a d and p with a q.
Incorrect manner of writing letters
Difficulty in writing with the hand or in accurately copying the writings on the board
Poor reading comprehension
Poor listening skills
Difficulty in repeating what has just been said or in following and understanding hard instructions.
Interchanging left and right
Difficulty in recognizing letters correctly when spelled out
Dyslexics may experience some difficulty solving worded problems despite having knowledge of basic mathematics. Letter and number reversal is normal, up to age 7 and 8, and should gradually decrease during that period. If not, parents need to have their child treated for dyslexia.
Dyslexic children have the tendency to become withdrawn and predisposition to develop depression. They have the propensity to act out as they try to draw attention away from their learning disability. The dyslexic individual may have low self-esteem and may experience strained interactions with their peers and siblings. At the same time, the patient is no longer interested in participating in school-related activities. Just as important as the academic disability, the emotional aspect of dyslexia should likewise be addressed.
The signs and symptoms of dyslexia may not be easily detected by parents or teachers and will require further assessment by a psychologist or health professional. It is always important for parents to consult a doctor if they are worried about the development of their child. Likewise, they should check with the teachers as well. Every school has what is called a Child Study Team or Student Support Team composed of the principal, teacher, or a mix of one or more of the following depending on the school’s manpower: psychologist, reading specialist, speech therapist, and other professionals. Parents should always be a part of this team.
In general, parents or teachers who suspect possible learning difficulties can schedule a meeting with this team to discuss the problem of the student. There are instances when testing has to be conducted, but it cannot be done without the consent of parents.
The test to be conducted for each child focuses on five areas: intelligence/cognition, communication, health and developmental, academic performance, and communication. It is the school or clinical psychologist who determines whether the child is suffering from dyslexia.
Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act, and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), dyslexics, as well as children with certain learning disabilities, are entitled to certain rights. The law provides that they are entitled to special services which will help them overcome their disabilities.
Likewise, the law provides that dyslexics must be granted with education programs that cater to their needs. Finally, these laws provide protection to dyslexics against unjust and unlawful discrimination.
Could You Have Dyslexia?