(Also Known As: Dyslexic Diagnosis, Learning Disorder Diagnosis, Developmental Reading Disorder Diagnosis)
(Reviewed by: Paul Peterson, Licensed Therapist)
How is Dyslexia Diagnosed?
In order to determine if a child has dyslexia, a formal assessment should be conducted by a physician. The examination will test the child’s intellectual ability, psycho-linguistic processing, information gathering, and academic skills. The series of tests are designed to check whether or not the child is reading at the expected level. In conducting the tests, the physician should consider the family background and overall school performance of the individual. 3
Diagnosis of dyslexia is quite difficult since there are various factors that the psychologist or health professional should consider and review. The tests will determine whether the functional reading level of the child is comparable with the reading potential of their level. All aspects of the reading process will be tested to identify where the breakdown is taking place.
Furthermore, the tests will also check the ability of the child to process information and how they process them. Likewise, the series of tests will determine whether the child learns better through hearing information (auditory), performing a task (kinesthetic), or looking at information (visual).
Aside from that, the health professional would check whether the child can do better if they are given the opportunity to provide information (output), say something (oral), or performing a task with the use of their hands (tactile-kinesthetic). Finally, the tests will also assess how each of the sensory systems cooperates with one another.
It is worth noting that the tests being conducted are standardized and highly reliable. The child should not be given the impression that something is wrong because they are being examined. In order to make the session less threatening and comfortable for the child, most of the tests use a game-type or puzzle format. Before the testing, the child should have enough sleep and a decent breakfast.
If conducted in the school, the teacher should inform the child who will come over and perform special work with them. The psychologist can visit the child prior to testing so that they will become familiar with them. In any case, the parents should also talk to their child about the medical specialist who will conduct the testing. As much as possible, the parents should not be present when the tests are being conducted.
Could You Have Dyslexia?